Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelid margin and eyelashes.
It is among the most common eye disorders caused by either bacteria (mainly staphylococcal), skin conditions (like rosacea, scalp dandruff), or an abnormality when the glands of the eyelids irregularly produce oils. Blepharitis causes the lid margins to become red, irritated and itchy with dandruff-like scales that form on the eyelashes.
In many cases, good hygiene can help control blepharitis by reducing the amount of bacteria at the lid margin. The key to treating most types of blepharitis is keeping the lids clean and free of crusts – this includes using warm compresses to soak the eyelids and scrubbing the eyelids. In cases involving bacterial infection, an antibiotic may be prescribed.
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